Up: Accents   [Contents][Index]

#### 23.5.1 `\accent`

Synopsis:

```\accent number character
```

A TeX primitive command used to generate accented characters from accent marks and letters. The accent mark is selected by number, a numeric argument, followed by a space and then a character argument to construct the accented character in the current font.

These are accented ‘e’ characters.

```\accent18 e
\accent20 e
\accent21 e
\accent22 e
\accent23 e
```

The first is a grave, the second a caron, the third a breve, the fourth a macron, and the fifth a ring above.

The position of the accent is determined by the font designer and so the outcome of `\accent` use may differ between fonts. In LaTeX it is desirable to have glyphs for accented characters rather than building them using `\accent`. Using glyphs that already contain the accented characters (as in T1 encoding) allows correct hyphenation whereas `\accent` disables hyphenation (specifically with OT1 font encoding where accented glyphs are absent).

There can be an optional font change between number and character. Note also that this command sets the `\spacefactor` to 1000 (see `\spacefactor`).

An unavoidable characteristic of some Cyrillic letters and the majority of accented Cyrillic letters is that they must be assembled from multiple elements (accents, modifiers, etc.) while `\accent` provides for a single accent mark and a single letter combination. There are also cases where accents must appear between letters that \accent does not support. Still other cases exist where the letters I and J have dots above their lowercase counterparts that conflict with dotted accent marks. The use of `\accent` in these cases will not work as it cannot analyze upper/lower case.