19.14 \vspace

Synopsis, one of:


Add the vertical space length. The length can be positive, negative, or zero. It is a rubber length—it may contain a plus or minus component (see Lengths).

This puts space between the two paragraphs.

And I slept.

\vspace{1ex plus 0.5ex}
The new day dawned cold.

(See \bigskip & \medskip & \smallskip, for common inter-paragraph spaces.)

The *-form inserts vertical space that is non-discardable. More precisely, LaTeX discards vertical space at a page break and the *-form causes the space to stay. This example leaves space between the two questions.

Question: Find the integral of \( 5x^4+5 \).

\vspace*{2cm plus 0.5cm}
Question: Find the derivative of \( x^5+5x+9 \).

That space will be present even if the page break happens to fall between the questions.

If you use \vspace in the middle of a paragraph (i.e., in horizontal mode) then the space is inserted after the line containing the \vspace command; it does not start a new paragraph at the \vspace command.

In this example the two questions will be evenly spaced vertically on the page, with at least one inch of space below each.

1) Who put the bomp in the bomp bah bomp bah bomp?
\vspace{1in plus 1fill}

2) Who put the ram in the rama lama ding dong?
\vspace{1in plus 1fill}

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