Next: , Previous: , Up: Environments   [Contents][Index]


8.11 filecontents

Synopsis:

\begin{filecontents}{filename}
  text
\end{filecontents}

or

\begin{filecontents*}{filename}
  text
\end{filecontents*}

Create a file named filename and fill it with text. The unstarred version of the environment filecontents prefixes the content of the created file with a header; see the example below. The starred version filecontents* does not include the header.

This environment can be used anywhere in the preamble, although it often appears before the \documentclass command. It is typically used when a source file requires a nonstandard style or class file. The environment will write that file to the directory containing the source and thus make the source file self-contained. Another use is to include bib references in the file, again to make it self-contained.

The environment checks whether a file of that name already exists and if so, does not do anything. There is a filecontents package that redefines the filecontents environment so that instead of doing nothing in that case, it will overwrite the existing file.

For example, this document

\documentclass{article}
\begin{filecontents}{JH.sty}
\newcommand{\myname}{Jim Hef{}feron}
\end{filecontents}
\usepackage{JH}
\begin{document}
Article by \myname.
\end{document}

produces this file JH.sty.

%% LaTeX2e file `JH.sty'
%% generated by the `filecontents' environment
%% from source `test' on 2015/10/12.
%%
\newcommand{\myname}{Jim Hef{}feron}

Unofficial LaTeX2e reference manual